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    About this time, in the year 1563 or 1564, Connaught, according to Sir R. Cox, was divided into six counties, Clare, Galway, Mayo, Sligo, Roscommon, and Leitrim. Other accounts, with more probability, place the division of Connaught into counties in Sir Henry Sydney's time, when an Act of Parliament was passed for dividing the country into shires; and in 1570 and 1576 entries appear in the State Papers, showing that in these years the province was divided into counties and baronies.

    John O'Donovan, 1891

    Detail from Arrowsmith map of Ireland, 1844.
    Above: detail from Arrowsmith map of Ireland, 1844
    Map © Cartography Associates, from the Rumsey Collection.

    Left: detail from satellite photo (click for larger version).

    Charon (MIT Project) 1989, James Coleman ©